The lack of significant success in stemming drug use is almost always due, C. Lynn Fox and others (1987) say, "to an inadequate understanding of both a process and the content of a comprehensive planning and implementation model." They suggest identifying a team of interested, committed staff and community members to carry out the following five phases of a prevention and intervention plan:
* Needs Assessment-utilize surveys, interviews, pretesting,
and attention to contributory social norms and processes to gain
an understanding of root causes, degree, and characteristics of
local drug use.
* Planning Process-prioritize specific goals, organize methods,
and assign tasks.
* Implementation-educate parents, staff, and students; sponsor
drug-free activities; identify and refer substance abusers for
treatment; establish peer support and followup systems.
* Evaluation-examine pre- and post-student data and measure program
* Dissemination-inform the local community about the program and
request their input.
Among additional strategies for mounting an effective program, Hooper suggests that school leaders carefully evaluate their district's present policies; revise them or develop new ones, as necessary; "involve parents, law enforcement and health officials, drug treatment specialists," and others in shaping those policies; and vigorously enforce the policies. Also, she advises districts to "develop curricula that encourage students to 'say no' to drugs and alcohol."
I Brake for Gringos ()
3 years ago